# Arithmetic Operations

### Arithmetic operators

C++ has the following operators:

Operator Purpose Example x
+ addition x=5+3; 8
+ addition x=5+3.0; 8.0
- minus x=5-3; 2
- minus x=5-3.0; 2.0
* multiplication x=5*3; 15
* multiplication x=5*3.0; 15.0
/ division x=9/2; 4
/ division x=9/2.0; 4.5
% remainder x=14%3; 2

An actual program would not use a statement such as X=5+3; it would save time to simply use X=8. An actual program would be more likely to use variables: X=Y+Z; for example.

Note that there is a times, or multiplication, operator: *. In algebra, variables are always a single letter, XY in algebra means X times Y. In programming, variables can be several letters, and we could not be sure whether XY meant X times Y or a variable called XY.

Notice that operations on two integers results in an integer. If we divide 9/2 we get just 4. If we want 4.5 we must make one of the operands a double or float.

### Remainder: %

The % operator is used to find the remainder. Before children learn about decimal numbers, they may give the answer to division problems as: "17 divided by 5 is 3 with a remainder of 2" Note that 17/5 results in 3, while 17 % 5 results in 2.

### Please study the material at each of the links below.

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Author: Janet E. Joy; Publisher: Zebra0.com